Let’s start with a short version of Android history.
It has started originally in 2003 when Andy Rubin together with Chris White, Nick Sears and Rick Miner decided to create mobile operating system and registered company named “Android Incorporated”. Linux was the base of than new operating system. Their idea was to use operating system on portable devices like GPS trackers. However, it didn’t attract much interest and corporations were not active on investing, as a result in 2005 “Android Incorporated” has spent all their money. That would be probably and end, but they were saved by company named Google…
New history together with Google
17th of August 2005 than happened, Google purchased small “Android Incorporated”. At than time It was decided than Android will be open source software and integrated to Google services. As Andy Rubin already worked a lot on GPS and Google developed their maps service, originally idea was to integrate maps to mobile phones.
In 2007 Apple released their first smartphone and Google started to orient their mobile ideas likewise. First Android OS 1.0 was released on 2008 and same year T-Mobile started sale of sensor mobile device HTC Dream based on Android OS. The interest for than device was big, more than 1 million smartphones were sold within a year. That was a success! Google was working further to improve their young operating system and Android 1.5 Cupcake was born. Since then, each release of new Android OS gets their “sweet” code name.
Next big step was an agreement with three mobile phone producers HTC, Motorola and Samsung and as a result four new smartphones on Android OS Eclair were released: HTC Magic, HTC Hero, Motorola Droid and Samsung Galaxy. Of course Google was thinking to develop their own device and in 2010 in partnership with HTC new Nexus 1 was released on Android OS (based on new 1 ghz processor). Another agreement with Samsung and next Nexus was produced by Samsung. In the meantime Android became a base OS for the most of the companies: HTC, Samsung, Motorola, LG.
In 2010 Samsung, released first Android Tablet. OS available at than time was aimed for mobile phones and not optimized for tablets, so device didn’t’t have much success, however it was just a first try! In Autumn 2011 Google released first cross platform OS Ice Cream sandwich 4.0 than can be used on mobile phones and tablets.
Probably it’s important to talk a bit about corporation than made biggest success on the market by using Android OS on their devices. Of course, it is Samsung. The way how Samsung believed in than new OS is impressive. Already in 2011 they have presented fist fablet called Samsung Note and everyone knows about success story of Note series. Samsung Galaxy smartphones series created their own niche on the market…
Since then development of Android OS and devices on than operating system took an impressive move. Google was keep working on releasing new updates and new versions of OS, while Samsung, HTC, Sony, LG and others (including Google) were working on producing new smartphones and tablets with bigger RAM, faster processors and better look. It is difficult to cover all steps than Android OS did since it was released as number of functionality, services than Google added seems endless.
Another big date for Android OS was the day of releasing Android Wear in 2014. Motorola presented their famous Moto 360 smartwatch same year together with LG Watch R and Sony Watch 3. Numerous of smartwatches are currently presented based on Android Wear, however not all of them delivering best experience. Important to say than Wear OS is much younger than big Android, so we may see further quick development of than version of operating system.
Here is the names of all operating systems than Google released until September 2019:
- Android 1.0 (2008) – No Version Name
- Android 1.1 2009) – Petit Four
- Android 1.5 (2009) – Cupcake
- Android 1.6 (2009) – Donut
- Android 2.0 – 2.1 (2009) – Eclair
- Android 2.2 – 2.2.3 (2010) – Froyo
- Android 2.3 – 2.3.7 (2010) – Gingerbread
- Android 3.0 – 3.2.6 (2011) – Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 – 4.0.4 (2011) – Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 – 4.3.1 (2012) – Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 – 4.4.4 (2013) – KitKat
- Android 5.0 – 5.1.1 (2014) – Lollipop
- Android 6.0 – 6.0.1 (2015) – Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 – 7.1.2 (2016) – Nougat
- Android 8.0 – 8.1 (2017) – Oreo
- Android 9.0 (2018) – Pie
- Android 10 (2019) – Android 10